Updates on Wuhan 2019 Novel Coronavirus Epidemic (2020/02/04)

What emerged in December 2019 as a cluster of respiratory ailmentswith inexplicable etiological findings in Wuhan has now claimedroughly 259 lives, sickened nearly 12 thousand more, and spread toat least 26 more nations including Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao.1Confirmed to be caused by a coronavirus, the outbreak is believed tostart from the Huanan Wet Seafood Wholesale Market in Wuhan,which is the capital city of the Hubei Province, China. The WorldHealth Organization (WHO), after being informed about the viraldisease on 31st December, believes that an animal source is the mostlikely primary source of the pathogenic disease.2–5In Virus Taxonomy, coronaviruses belong to the subfamilyOrthocoronavirinae. These are known to be a family of envelopednon‐segmented positive‐sense ribonucleic acid (RNA) viruses belong-ing to the family Coronaviridae and the order Nidovirales. There arefour known genera for coronaviruses, namely: alpha‐,beta‐,gamma‐,and delta‐coronavirus. All of the four genera are believed to have azoonotic origin and infect both animals and humans. Whereas thealpha and beta genera originate from bats, the gamma and deltagenera are derived from avian and pig gene pools.6–9

Author: Foster Kofi Ayittey, Christian Dzuvor, Matthew Kormla Ayittey, et al.

Link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1002/jmv.25695